Travelling can be an exciting experience, but it also requires some preparation to stay healthy when travelling.
Most illnesses and injuries are preventable when travellers are aware of their surroundings.
Take precautions against disease transmission, adopt a balanced diet, and maintain good hygiene practices.
You know the current health hazards in their location of travel or destination country they are visiting. Seek information on preventive vaccines recommended for international travellers. If necessary, consult with a medical expert before travelling.
There is no guarantee that everything will go perfectly during trips. Travellers may get food poisoning even at local restaurants with high reviews. They are simply having an accident while walking downstairs or falling off a boat. However, there are specific steps people can take to protect themselves on the road best.
1 Prevent Diarrhea
The diarrheal disease accounts for about 10% of worldwide doctor visits. Most people who suffer from diarrhoea are tourists—countries with different micro-organisms, dirt, and germs, which can affect their bowel systems. If you want to travel for a long time, then make sure that you take some medication like Pepto-Bismol or Imodium to help control diarrhoea.
2 Prevent Vomiting
Another factor that needs special attention is vomiting in pregnant women, which may lead to dehydration.
If you travel frequently, keep some juice boxes or rehydrating sachets so that you don’t let your body dehydrate.
3 Watch What You Eat
Eating out can be risky because they use unsanitary preparation methods, and you can’t know if the ingredients are hygienic enough. It would help if you ate only at places that look clean and trustworthy. Ensure the food is prepared fresh to avoid infection from bacteria or parasites. Avoid eating raw vegetables, which may be washed with contaminated water or fertilizers.
4 Prevent Food Poisoning
To prevent food poisoning, check what you’re eating because it might lead to vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea, etc.
Always make a label of the items inside your refrigerator at home so that when you travel. You don’t grab anything without knowing its contents, especially in hotel rooms where keeping track is difficult. When going out for dining, make sure you have made a plan beforehand to follow after you return.
5 Vaccinate Yourself
Always ensure that you go for vaccinations and boosters before travelling to a new place, as it makes your body immune to certain diseases.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, people. Who travel to many places, like business travellers and students, need slight protection from vaccines, boosters, and medicines.
Because they stay in crowded areas with a high risk of getting exposed to infectious diseases.
6 Avoid Waterborne Diseases
While travelling to developing countries, avoid drinking tap water or ice cubes made from tap water. They may be contaminated with harmful bacteria like Cryptosporidium, Ecoli, etc.
Which affects the intestinal system leading to diarrhoea and vomiting.
While travelling abroad, we often drink unboiled water, which is the leading cause of waterborne diseases like Typhoid, cholera, etc.
So always ensure that you drink boiled or bottled water when travelling to places where fresh tap water is unavailable.
7 Prevent Mosquito Bites
Mosquitoes are also carriers of many parasites and harmful viruses, which cause Dengue fever, Malaria, etc.
One should wear long sleeves while contacting mosquitoes because they may transfer dangerous microbes while landing on your arms or legs.
Also, use mosquito nets for sleeping at night while travelling to avoid mosquito bites during sleeping hours.
Prepare some sprays and insecticidal soaps before leaving for travel because they can help you fight against insects if any appear.
8 Wear Protective Clothing
People who stay in hot and humid tropical countries need to change out of their usual clothes to cotton, linen, or other breathable fabrics as the intense heat and humidity may lead to skin infections. Long sleeves and trousers can be worn if you’re visiting a country where poisonous snakes are found. Also, avoid wearing revealing clothes like shorts and tank tops on jungle treks.
9 Keep Yourself Away From Animals
In most countries, including South Asia, the widespread belief is that it is harmful to touch dogs as they are carriers of rabies.
So never try to pat them as your pet at home because once you return with this virus, it becomes very difficult for doctors to treat you. Also, avoid petting, and feeding wild animals like monkeys, etc., as they transmit rabies.
10 Reduce Your Stress Level
While travelling to foreign countries, your body undergoes immense stress due to irregular eating habits and unhealthy foods. So go for meditation or yoga to keep yourself calm and active throughout your trip.
It would help if you positively watched documentaries or movies on history, geography, etc.
Because it can help you learn about the place you’re going to travel to and its culture.
11 Get Enough Sleep On Time
You should get 8 to 9 hours of sleep on time while travelling as lack of sleep on time leads to fatigue, which makes you weak and more susceptible to sickness and disease.
Always carry your sleeping bag while travelling because you never know when you have to spend the night on a train or at an airport waiting for flights etc.
12 Be Careful About Water Temperature While Bathing
People new to the country of the visit should always be careful about bath water temperature as hot water can lead to skin rashes, and if it’s cold, it may cause chills and fever. So always check for the right temperature before taking a bath or shower.
13 Use Sunscreen With High Spf-Factor
People travelling to hot and humid countries should always apply sunscreen lotion with a high SPF factor to avoid sunburns.
Apart from this, one can also opt for hats, lip balms, etc. To protect their skin while travelling to sunny beaches or mountainous regions. Because unprotected exposure to the sun for a long time may result in skin damage or cancer.
14 Keep Your Feet Clean
While travelling, people often get blisters on their feet due to ill-fitting shoes.
To avoid this, clean your feet daily while taking a bath and wear new socks while travelling because old socks may cause infection while wearing them for a long time. While swimming or snorkelling in infested waters, one should always keep his eyes closed to avoid water into them to prevent infection.
15 Keep Yourself Hydrated
One should drink at least 8 glasses of water daily while travelling.
Because it helps you to stay healthy and fit by getting rid of toxins from your body through urination, also, don’t forget to take fresh/frozen juices, fruits, etc., to get your daily doses of vitamins and minerals.